Although digital transformation contributes a lot to most business’s success, it also exposes them to cybersecurity threats.
As technology advances and more digital processes become integrated into companies’ operations, cybercriminals are getting smarter and more sophisticated too as technology evolves. Therefore, it’s essential that business owners take steps to prepare their organizations for potential cyber attacks.
If you’re looking for a guide on how to prepare your company’s cybersecurity defense, this post can help you get started. Keep on reading to learn more.
Steps for Preparing Your Cybersecurity Defenses
Here are the steps you should take to ensure your business’ cybersecurity defense:
- Implement The Eight Essential Maturity Model
Although there’s no one-size-fits-all approach to cybersecurity preparedness, implementing the Essential 8 Maturity Model is a great baseline to start. If you want to know what is Essential 8 Maturity Model, here’s a brief overview:
The Essential Eight Maturity Model strategy outlines eight key areas, which you may group into three main categories:
- Strategies that can prevent attacks include application whitelisting, patching applications, configuring office macros, and user application hardening.
- Strategies that can limit the impact of an attack include multi-factor authentication, restricting admin privileges, and patching the operating system.
- Lastly, a strategy that can ensure a quick recovery is having backups.
To help organizations determine the maturity level at which each of the eight areas should be, the model outlines four levels as well: maturity level zero, which means the security is weak and it doesn’t align with the intent of the model; maturity level one, means it’s partly aligned, maturity level two, means it’s mostly aligned but needs improvement; maturity level three, means the security is fully aligned with the intent of the model.
To demonstrate the model in action, use the backup strategy as an example. Say your company is at maturity level one, which requires a monthly backup frequency. When a ransomware attack occurs, the company will have to recover all critical data within that month. However, if the company backs up its files weekly and is at maturity level two, the data loss will significantly reduce.
On the other hand, maturity level three requires daily backups, which means the ransomware attack won’t significantly impact the companies at this level since it’s only a day’s worth of data they need to recover. Although this strategy is a great way to start, other measures should still complement it.
- Train Your Employees
No matter how strong your cybersecurity defense is, it’ll be useless if your employees aren’t aware of the threats that exist and how to avoid them. Educate them on basic cyber security concepts such as phishing scams, malware, and ransomware attacks.
- Educate them on recognizing and avoiding phishing emails, what actions they should take if they receive a suspicious email, and how to report any phishing attempts.
- Train them on basic cyber security principles such as not opening attachments or clicking links from unknown senders, running anti-virus software, and avoiding public Wi-Fi connections.
- Teach employees how to spot signs of a ransomware attack and limit the damage, such as immediately disconnecting compromised computers from the network and reporting any suspicious behavior to the IT department.
These are just a few key measures to take when training your employees. The more knowledge you can provide them, the better their chances of detecting and stopping cyber threats.
- Invest In Cybersecurity Technology
If cybercriminals are getting smarter, so should your security solutions. Invest in up-to-date cybersecurity technology such as firewalls, spam filters, and intrusion detection systems to protect against the latest threats. Look for advanced solutions that use behavioral analysis and other techniques to detect and stop attacks before they cause any damage.
- Monitor Network Traffic
Monitoring network traffic is essential. Regularly inspect your incoming and outgoing web traffic to detect suspicious activity, such as malware downloads or data exfiltration. Invest in network security solutions that can detect malicious activities and alert the IT team if something has gone wrong.
- Automate Security Processes
Manual security processes are tedious and can be prone to human error. Automate your security processes to reduce the risk of mistakes and improve efficiency. Automate patching, malware scanning, and regular backups to minimize the risk of a successful attack.
- Perform Regular Audits
Regularly audit your systems to ensure they are secure and up-to-date. Look for vulnerabilities such as outdated software or weak passwords that attackers can exploit. Invest in vulnerability scanning tools to detect any potential weaknesses in your system.
Preparing your cybersecurity defenses can seem daunting, but with the right measures, you can ensure your systems are secure and protected from threats. Educate your employees on basic cyber security concepts, invest in up-to-date security technology, monitor network traffic for suspicious activities, automate security processes, and perform regular audits to keep your data safe. With these tips, you can ensure your company is well-protected and ready to face the latest threats.